Organic Farming

Organic farming places strict limits on the use of artificial inputs (e.g. pesticides, fertilisers etc.) within the farm system. It represents a more ecologically sustainable approach to farming that generally entails more diverse cropping and higher standards of animal welfare. Organic produce is defined under EU regulation 2092/91, which sets minimum standards and provides a protective legal framework. Most organic produce attracts a price premia in the market. Most EU member states support organic farming (to varying degrees) on the grounds of its environmental benefits and to offset lower yields in the initial years of conversion. The arguments made by organic aficionados that organic food is healthier have yet to gain official acceptance, although health concerns are often the main reason why consumers choose to buy organic food.

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